Instead, they are a product of history and have come into existence in a specific historical era. Their emergence is associated with the relations of capitalism; it has been the historical development of capitalism — more specifically, its free labor system — that has allowed large numbers of men and women in the late twentieth century to call themselves gay, to see themselves as part of a community of similar men and women, and to organize politically on the basis of that identity.
American Politics and Indigenous Thought by T. We display our crafts, speak our language, dance our dances and share our stories.
Of course, all these vital expressions of our culture and their continuation are essential to our survival as a distinct and separate people. What I fear we neglect too often, however, is to take the additional steps necessary to promote the real foundation of all of this and the true key to our survival — Indigenous Thought.
How do we think as Indigenous People and how does that thought process affect our world view and our value system? Is an indigenous existence about more than just the physical manifestations of our culture?
What is the true foundation of our identity? These are indeed questions with far-reaching implications and they would require a great deal of time spent in honest reflection to answer, which is precisely the point.
This is an exercise we need to engage in. More than an exercise, this is a journey that we must embark upon both individually and collectively with the ultimate destination being a place of consensus.
Like all journeys it must have a beginning and a path ahead which we can more easily find by determining a point of reference. To begin here we will use a point of reference that has been the topic of much discussion lately and is familiar to most — American politics.
I understand that Native People have not prospered in the two hundred plus years of this country being ruled by a singular ethnicity, so the monumental shift in just that reality was enough to give space for hope. But as Indigenous People what were we hoping for, what do we look for beyond the rhetoric and the promises?
If we are indeed a Native People with an indigenous world view, then we must look to the issues that affect us here and around the world. Indigenous Peoples have a relationship to each other and to the land that birth us and sustains us, relationships that are at the core of our identity and value system.
It is these relationships that we need to make the foundation of our political evaluations also. So if Indigenous People are going to evaluate the Obama presidency or any other political leader, then we must use our own value system to do it with. To us the opinions of Air America or Fox News should never be as relevant as the continued effects of government policies and actions on Indigenous Peoples here and around the world.
No matter how much we long to hope we must temper that desire with a commitment to truth. There is an old story among Indigenous People that is meant to caution us about the merits of clear thinking.
The details vary from tribe to tribe but the core message is always consistent. Many years ago a young hunter was making his way through the swamp in search of game with which he could feed his family.
He had been gone from home several days and thus far all the deer had eluded him. The snake and the hunter eyed each other suspiciously as the snake began to rattle and the hunter notched an arrow to his bow. I know of a place where there is more than enough game for both our needs, but I have not the strength left to get there on my own.
Seeing the countless deer that inhabited the place, the hunter absently set the snake down. Looking down at his still bleeding wound he then looked to the snake in astonishment.
Paradigms of Conflict and Identity From the moment of European landfall in the Americas there has been a consistent, relentless war waged against native people not only physically, socially and culturally but also intellectually. From the very beginning the two choices presented to Indigenous People were assimilate or die.
At the dawn of the American empire these options were the basis for what came to be known as United States Indian Policy. We are told that he sought to assimilate tribes into this benevolent republic by having them reject their culture and society and embrace the advanced civilization of the man from Europe.
What is not emphasized, of course, is the all encompassing requirements of this assimilating process. Of course, there were attempts at accommodation, most notable being the Cherokee People who adopted many of the European lifeways but at the same time sought to protect the inherent sovereignty of the Cherokee Nation.
Concessions were made with the hopes of peaceful coexistence with the growing American empire but in the end there would be no place for sovereign, independent native people. The fate that awaited the Cherokee Nation on the Trail of Tears and beyond was foreseen by one of their greatest leaders decades before it actually transpired, a perfect example of the vision afforded by true Indigenous Thought.
They leave scarcely a name of our people except those wrongly recorded by their destroyers.
Where are the Delawares? They have been reduced to a mere shadow of their former greatness. We had hoped that the white man would not be willing to travel beyond the mountains.
Now that hope is gone.
|Documentaries/Videos: Available Online||We pay our respects to elders past, present, and emerging of the Ngunnawal, Ngambri, and Ngambri-Guumaal nations.|
|D’Emilio – “Capitalism and Gay Identity” | Gender, Race and Biotech||As a child, her life was radically altered by the events of the American Revolution. Instead, the Bleeckers encountered a devastated city and news of the deaths of dear friends.|
|BiblioVault - Books about History and criticism - F||StumbleUpon Revolutionary struggles against capitalism have raised, time and again, the issue of sexual liberation.|
|John D’Emilio | Notes On Liberty||I've been revisiting this book again and again lately|
They have passed the mountains and have settled on Cherokee lands. They wish to have that action sanctioned by treaty.
When that is gained, the same encroaching spirit will lead them upon other land of the Cherokees.6 According to John DEmilios article Capitalism and Gay Identity which of the from W&GS at Rutgers University.
Find Study Resources. 6 according to john demilios article capitalism and and Advertising,” refers to “people products” in her discussion of getting ads in Ms. Magazine. Genres and themes vary and may include the representation of history, absolutism and rebellion, the formation of bourgeois society, questions of national identity, .
confronted corporate capitalism, and called for a level of analysis that would surpass most of the current discussion of lesbianism as a personal, cultural, or civil rights issue.
She then traces the early modern history of the fable from Caxton, Lydgate, and Henryson through the eighteenth century, focusing on such figures as Spenser, Sidney, Lyly, Shakespeare, and Milton, as well as the lesser-known John Ogilby, Sir Roger L’Estrange, and Samuel Croxall.
In the October 21st OECS meeting in Barbados, only John Compton of St. Lucia voiced reservations about inviting American troops into Grenada The meeting, headed by pro-U.S. Eugenia Charles of. United States History - Emergence of Colonial Government United States History.
In all phases of colonial development, a striking feature was the lack of controlling influence by the English government. All colonies except Georgia emerged as companies of shareholders, or as feudal proprietorships stemming from charters granted by the Crown.