Describe the advantages and benefits of using descriptive research methods. Describe the disadvantages and limitations of using descriptive research methods. Before considering the advantages and disadvantages of descriptive research, it is helpful to review descriptive research and the terms associated with it, as well as be introduced to a discussion of the most commonly discussed advantages and disadvantages. The Slideshare presentation below, Descriptive Research Methodologies, recaps the basics types of descriptive methods, but also includes a discussion of benefits and limitations.
MSN messenger and telephone interviews are characterised by synchronous communication in time, but asynchronous communication in place. E-mail interviews are characterised as asynchronous communication in time and place.
One could argue that MSN messenger and telephone interviews are characterised by synchronous communication in cyberspace. As cyberspace is defined as "the noplace" MORSE,communication in a virtual place brings with it other advantages and disadvantages than communication in a real place, as in FtF interviews.
Therefore with synchronous communication of place is meant a real place, and not a virtual place. Synchronous communication of time and Advantages of research methods As already mentioned, FtF interviews are characterised by synchronous communication in time and place.
Due to this synchronous communication, as no other interview method FtF interviews can take its advantage of social cues. Social cues, such as voice, intonation, body language etc. Of course the value of social cues also depends on what the interviewer wants to know from the interviewee.
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|Off-Axis Integrated Cavity Output Spectroscopy (OA-ICOS)||Forecasting involves using several different methods of estimating to determine possible future outcomes for the business.|
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If the interviewer is seen as a subject, and as an irreplaceable person, from whom the interviewer wants to know the attitude towards for example the labour union, then social cues are very important.
When the interviewer interviews an expert about things or persons that have nothing to do with the expert as a subject, then social cues become less important EMANS, On the other hand this visibility can lead to disturbing interviewer effects, when the interviewer guides with his or her behaviour the interviewee in a special direction.
This disadvantage can be diminished by using an interview protocol and by the awareness of the interviewer of this effect. An advantage of this synchronous communication is that the answer of the interviewee is more spontaneous, without an extended reflection.
But due to this synchronous character of the medium, the interviewer must concentrate much more on the questions to be asked and the answers given. Especially when an unstructured or semi structured interview list is used, and the interviewer has to formulate questions as a result of the interactive nature of communication.
Using a tape recorder has the advantage that the interview report is more accurate than writing out notes. But tape recording also brings with it the danger of not taking any notes during the interview.
Taking notes during the interview is important for the interviewer, even if the interview is tape recorded: In one interview I conducted I should have taken notes because I had forgotten to push the "record" button. Another disadvantage of tape recording the interview is the time a transcription of the tape recording consumes.
In other words the interviewer can make more use of a standardisation of the situation. On the other hand this synchronous communication of time and place can bring with it a lot of time and costs. Interviewing an interviewee in a place some kilometres away will take a whole day, including travelling and interviewing.
It can even take more days, when the interviewee is ill and didn't or couldn't reach the interviewer in time to cancel the interview. Also the costs, i. Doing research by using FtF interviews, which have to be held all over the globe, as for example is the case when doing research in the domain of virtual teams, takes a lot of effort, time and costs, and is therefore almost impossible for one researcher.
In the interaction between interviewer and interviewee enough clues can be given that the end of the interview is near, for example by shuffling the papers and turning off the tape recorder.
An explicit way to terminate the interview is by thanking the interviewee for cooperation and asking him or her if there are further remarks that might be relevant to the topic or the interview process. Synchronous communication of time, asynchronous communication of place Due to the asynchronous communication of place, one of the advantages of telephone interviewing is the extended access to participants, compared to FtF interviews.
People from all over the globe can be interviewed—of course if they have access to telephone or computer. FtF interviewing can be very expensive and takes too much time.
Hard to reach populations. It enables researchers to contact populations that might be difficult to work with on an FtF basis for example mothers at home with small children, shift workers, computer addicts and people with disabilities.
It is a possible means of access to people on sites, which have closed or limited access such as hospitals religious communities, prisons, the military, and cults.Research Methods Psychologists use many different methods for conducting research.
Each method has advantages and disadvantages that make it suitable for certain situations and unsuitable for others.
A choice between research methods rests fundamentally on a set of decisions about the questions a researcher wants to answer and the practicality of gathering the kind of data that will answer those questions.
The first step is to look for an obvious fit. There are a wide variety of methods that are common in qualitative measurement. In fact, the methods are largely limited by the imagination of the researcher.
Effective Teaching Methods: Research-Based Practice, Enhanced Pearson eText with Loose-Leaf Version -- Access Card Package (9th Edition) (What's New in Curriculum & Instruction) 9th Edition. Qualitative marketing research involves a natural or observational examination of the philosophies that govern consumer behavior.
The direction and framework of the research is often revised as new information is gained, allowing the researcher to evaluate issues and subjects in an in-depth manner. In this lesson, you'll learn about a type of research called exploratory research. You'll achieve a general understanding of the topic through examples that demonstrate the way in which it's used.