Financial and Housing Advice The social worker is out to get me…. My social worker has is it in for me and is going to make sure that my child is taken off me. All social workers have to work within a clear legal framework and cannot do anything without having a sound legal reason. Any decision to take a child into care- even for a very short time — has meet the criteria set out in legislation.
First, we learn that exposure to a traumatic stressor does not automatically put a person on a path to develop PTSD.
Second, scientific documentation is provided that protective factors decrease the risk of being exposed to a traumatic stressor from generating PTSD or other disorders such as depression and suicidal or violent behavior.
Finally, a theoretically-sound, evidence-based, common sense model is offered as a "directionally correct" way to ensure that at-risk populations obtain protective factors to prevent a potential traumatic stressor from generating poor health and mental health outcomes.
Using the same criteria, another research group 3 found that by age 18 years, more than two-fifths of youths in a community sample had been exposed to an event that was severe enough to qualify for a diagnosis of PTSD.
Finally, using the DSM-IV criteria Breslau and colleagues 5 examined trauma exposure and the diagnosis of PTSD in a telephoned community sample of 2, individuals in the Detroit area and found that the lifetime prevalence of trauma exposure was As the estimated lifetime prevalence rate of PTSD ranges from 7.
Most people affected by a trauma event will adapt in a period of 3 - 6 months following trauma 8 and only a small proportion will develop long-term psychiatric disorders 9 A National Imperative 11 and Dr. Given this reality it would be helpful to identify people at risk for subsequent psychiatric disorders as prevention and early intervention could prevent the development of such disorders.
Unfortunately, the study of protective factors and their role in mental health and wellness are poorly organized and originate from many different disciplines that all use different models and language.
Further, science has given minimal attention to protective factors as mental health fields tend to be rooted in deficit models instead of strength models. As Sartorius former President of the World Psychiatric Association 16 points out "psychiatry has to do with diseases as well as distress," thus "many psychiatrists will concentrate on the recognition and treatment of mental disorders.
Accordingly, many psychiatrists live on a DSM - IV planet where your job is to make a diagnosis, offer treatment for the disease you have diagnosed, and submit a bill. Unfortunately, this creates a philosophy replete with deficit models, and many mental health professionals are skilled at filling out a problem list, but have difficulty filling out a strength list for patients they serve.
However, using a deficit model to diagnose and treat an observable mental illness should not also preclude developing strategies to keep them from manifesting their full clinical potential.
Medicine has a history of developing efficacious and effective prevention strategies for what historically were thought to be mental illnesses, e. Thus, a public health model of psychiatry, which seeks to prevent mortality and morbidity from current mental disorders, like PTSD and Depression, is being developed in the 21st century.
Studies are coming out that clarify the biological protective factors 21 and how to cultivate them. These results provide the first prospective evidence that moderately stressful early experiences strengthen socioemotional and neuroendocrine resistance to subsequent stressors Finally, studies are also starting to come out that focus on both risk and protective factors mediate psychological symptoms of adolescents facing continuing terrorism 24and other traumas 27 Suicide prevention research shows that social support and connectedness, including close relationships, sometimes represents part of a protective process that increases self-efficacy and thereby reduces suicidal behavior Programs that promote protective factors, e.
Further, by creating a sense of purpose and hope 37 - 39a number of studies provide some evidence that spiritual protective factors e. Strategies that include encouraging early mental health intervention and offering coordinated services among agencies, normalizing help- seeking behavior, and increasing protective factors, and effective coping skills have also been shown to reduce the risk for suicide Normalizing help seeking behavior is a health behavior change that can be achieved by: Protective factor strategies have also been found useful in preventing risk factors from being predictive factors for violence 49 - 53 and psychiatric illness 54 More specifically, protective factors have been found to prevent stress-related disorders such as PTSD.
Chemtob et al 55 developed a psychosocial intervention for post disaster trauma symptoms in elementary school children.
These researchers did a community-wide, school-based screening of 4, public elementary school children in second through sixth grades who were exposed to a hurricane in Kauai.
To test the effectiveness of the intervention, the children were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 consecutively treated groups each of which had to wait for their treatment. The researchers chose children with the highest levels of psychological trauma symptoms and gave them four sessions of manual-guided psychotherapy individual and group consisting of four sessions: The post treatment group reported significant reductions in their self-reported symptoms and this reduction remained in effect when assessed a year later.
Treated children had fewer trauma symptoms compared with untreated children. As we gain a better understanding of how genetics and environment interact, we are gathering more and more information how protective factors prevent risk factors from becoming predictive factors.
We need an easy to understand, evidence-based model of how to build protective factors around at risk populations to prevent their risk factors from becoming predictive factors that are harbingers of poor health and mental health outcomes.
Community Psychiatry Protective Factor Field Principles Using a theoretically, ecologically sound model of health behavior change - the Triadic Theory of Influence 56 developed by incorporating several theoretically sound, well-researched health behavior change theories 57 - 64Bell et al 65developed seven community psychiatry protective factor field principles.
The seven community psychiatry protective factor field principles are: Bell 66 suggests that using these field principles, resiliency in youth can be cultivated. The main difference between the two diagnoses was the presence of dissociation during the traumatic stressor.
The original hope was that by developing criteria for an acute stress disorder, it could predict the development of PTSD. At the Sidney E.As every relationship is critical to the overall happiness of the family, a deeper understanding of the importance and effects of these relationships gives parents a greater desire to bond with their child and a greater understanding of how to go about doing so.
The Process The Self is the mystery of who we are - Jung. It is not an object or a goal, it is an activity, a process.’Reading’ the intentionality of the Self in Jungian-orientated psychology (is) presumed to be the key to healing.
Find an Inner Bonding Certified Facilitator or Facilitator-in-Training to help you with your Inner Bonding process and self-healing.
Attachment theory is a psychological model attempting to describe the dynamics of long-term and short-term interpersonal relationships between humans. "Attachment theory is not formulated as a general theory of relationships; it addresses only a specific facet": how human beings respond within relationships when hurt, separated from loved ones, or .
Free play is one way that parents can use 1-on-1 time to bond with their children; free play can be as short as minutes per day, and it involves allowing the child to choose the toy/activity while the parent listens and follows their lead. In each person's life much of the joy and sorrow revolves around attachments or affectionate relationships -- making them, breaking them, preparing for them, and adjusting to their loss by death.
Among all of these bonds is a special one -- the type a mother or father form with his or her n.