Graphology is a graphical projective technique that studies the handwritten structure with the objective of getting to the most intimate side of the human being. Among the different graphological schools we find: Gestalt Graphology, represented by German philosopher Ludwig Klages —who applied the psychological theory of Gestalt to Graphology, considering the human personality as a whole, contributing to graphological analysis with a holistic approach of graphical space. This graphological school values the sample of handwriting as an integrated whole, like when we look at a picture.
Trumpp Find articles by Natalie M. Received Jun 16; Accepted Sep Abstract Digital writing devices associated with the use of computers, tablet PCs, or mobile phones are increasingly replacing writing neski handwriting analysis hand.
It is, however, controversially discussed how writing modes influence reading and writing performance in children at the start of literacy. On the one hand, the easiness of typing on digital devices may accelerate reading and writing in young children, who have less developed sensory-motor skills.
On the other hand, the meaningful coupling between action and perception during handwriting, which establishes sensory-motor memory traces, could facilitate written language acquisition. In order to decide between these theoretical alternatives, for the present study, we developed an intense training program for preschool children attending the German kindergarten with 16 training sessions.
Using closely matched letter learning games, eight letters of the German alphabet were trained either by handwriting with a pen on a sheet of paper or by typing on a computer keyboard. Letter recognition, naming, and writing performance as well as word reading and neski handwriting analysis performance were assessed.
Results did not indicate a superiority of typing training over handwriting training in any of these tasks.
In contrast, handwriting training was superior to typing training in word writing, and, as a tendency, in word reading. The results of our study, therefore, support theories of action-perception coupling assuming a facilitatory influence of sensory-motor representations established during handwriting on reading and writing.
During the last years, the mode of writing in adults, but also in children has been subject of a dramatic change: These changes of writing habits have a clear impact on basic sensory-motor skills: In line with this reasoning, a recent survey among German teachers indicated that during the last years sensory-motor skills required for handwriting deteriorated among young children entering elementary school Deutscher Lehrerverband, Regarding the influence of these modes of written language acquisition, handwriting versus typing, two competing theoretical approaches are possible.
The motor program associated with typing is obviously easier than that associated with handwriting. This easiness of typing on digital devices is taken as an argument in favor of writing training with typing to accelerate writing in young children or in children with less developed sensory-motor skills Calhoun, ; Castles et al.
Such a view based on the easiness of motor programs associated with writing would predict better reading and writing performance when writing letters and words is trained by typing on a digital device.
In support of this view, a small but positive correlation between frequency of computer use and letter knowledge has been found in a large cohort of four-year old children Castles et al. However, when comparing handwriting with typing, not only the easiness of the motor programs, but also their quality and the associated sensory-motor experiences haptic, motor, visual etc.
Handwriting requires carefully reproducing the shape of each letter, whereas in typewriting the motor program is not related to the letter shape and, as a result, no such grapho-motor component is present.
These theories assume that depending on the specific sensory-motor experience learning establishes memory traces, which are partially reactivated during retrieval.
According to this theory, perceptual contents and action plans are coded in a common representational medium by feature codes with distal reference. Perceptions and actions are proposed to be equally represented by integrated, task-tuned networks of feature codes, called event codes.
Hence, several theories in the field of cognition, perception and action predict a superiority of handwriting over typing with regard to the quality of visual processing subserving reading and writing.THE NEWS-HERALD 7 Society OIL CITY DEPARTMENT NEWS STAFF Robert J.
Moran, Shirley D. Voelker, Mary Jane Leicht Telephone - Oil City or SUPERVISOR LISTS WINNERS Special Events. Find great deals on eBay for handwriting analysis.
Shop with confidence. The wide-ranging analysis of solutions of crossword puzzles that is now possible with technological development is amazing.
When I came to know of the Pre-Shortzian Puzzle Project, with its objective of bringing old puzzles into the fold, I wished to do my bit. n running hand rapid handwriting in which letters are set down in full and are cursively connected within words without lifting the writing implement from the paper.
Peter Blake and Julian Neski would soon be working on another Reform synagogue. entrance is in the low block on the right.
then in a “comprehensive exhibition” at the Museum of Contemporary Crafts (February 15 to May What Handwriting Analysis Is It is a projective technique like body language which can profile human behavior in the areas of social skills, thinking styles, achievement/work habits, and possible ways of dealing with stress.