Problems facing the trade union movement analysed Published on: Download article in original language: The reasons for the weakness of Poland's trade union movement have been examined at a seminar held in May and in a book based on the discussions at the seminar. This article summarises the main arguments and findings.
Problems facing the trade union movement analysed Published on: Download article in original language: This article summarises the main arguments and findings.
In Maya seminar on the situation of Polish trade unions and their relations with European trade union organisations was organised by the Warsaw School of Economics and the Polish office of the Friedrich Ebert Foundation Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. The book will present the latest data on trade union density in Poland and analyse why the Polish trade union movement — once among the strongest in Europe - has become less influential than its counterparts in many other central and eastern European countries.
The forthcoming book asks why in Poland — a country with strong trade union traditions — after 14 years of political and economic transformation, the level of unionisation has fallen below that in virtually all other countries of central and eastern Europe TNF. It is reported that trade union membership as a proportion of all wage earners currently stands at around: In order to answer the above question, the book examines three groups of factors, as follows.
Global trends The first group of factors might apply to most countries. All these factors are seen as tending to reduce trade union membership and influence.
These unions have participated actively in the creation of the new political system in these countries, and this is regarded as having resulted as a conflict of loyalties: This situation, it is argued, has considerably impaired the identification of workers with trade unions.
Specific Polish trends The third group of factors is specific to Poland and is regarded as the key source of explanations for the low level of unionisation in Poland. The book identifies a specific concurrence of the following three phenomena which have occurred since Both main trade union organisations were for a long time directly entangled in politics.
Whether or not these perceived orientations are correct, what matters is that they have been clearly distinguished by workers and that they have confirmed and reinforced political divisions among workers.
This idea would have allowed for some pluralism within companies, as a general trade union could co-exist with an occupational trade union seg for engineers and technicians. On the latter point, the legal regulations providing for union pluralism and voluntarism were conducive to the creation of new trade unions.
Moreover, a number of independent trade unions were created which were registered only in a single company. Although these practices have been discouraged to a certain extent by recent changes to the legislation on union representation, they have still managed to undermine the prestige of the trade union movement.
A key element of this model was the existence within most companies of at least two competing trade unions, neither of which was able to prevail over the other or genuinely represent the workforce as a whole.
This instigated a process which further weakened the Polish trade union movement: Due to circumstances beyond their control, union leaders were forced to shift from attempting to represent the interests of all Polish workers to representing their own membership, as competition with the other trade union or unions and the political functions assumed by the unions in each case limited to one side of the political spectrum restricted their scope of activities to their own organisation and their own political and ideological orientation.
Naturally, there were certain common interests, such as negotiating social benefits and sectoral agreements eg in metalworking or mining or making joint contributions to the preparation of labour legislation, though even in these areas certain political divisions could be detected.
In their everyday work, trade unions were confronted with the necessity to attend to their own clientele.As a result, none of the unions is actually able to solve the problems of the workers. 6. Inter-Union Rivalry. The existence of many unions within a particular industry paves way for what is called inter-union rivalry.
These unions do not work together for the cause of the workers.
3 Replies to “Problems Faced by Trade Unions in India”. The trade unions are faced with a number of problems in the area of employment which include: · Lack of coherent national policies on employment.
The same is caused by lack of genuine political will and commitment on the part of the government(s) of the respective countries. This compounds the unions problems because members interests cannot be effectively represented.
* Government bureaucracy Trade unions sometimes feel that the government takes too long in carrying out negotiations on disputes presented by the members. Over the years, trade unions in India have been taken for a ride by outside, political leaders.
In the process, the interests of workers and their aspirations have been totally neglected. The Trade Unions Act, , did not go for recognising a representative union. As a result multiple unions have cropped up, often with blessings from management and outsiders.
Some of the problems being faced by trade unions in Kenya are challenged by globalization, revolution in production technologies and new management styles. Splintering, changing mentality, mismanagement of funds, lack of innovation and visionary leadership are a .
For the purposes of this assignment I would like to dwell on the major handicap facing the trade unions in Kenya that being in the area of Employment. The trade unions are faced with a number of problems in the area of employment which include.