Example Essays New Religious Movements: Theoretical Perspectives on Religious Deviance The subject of deviance, taken from any context — be it political, religious or cultural — has fueled many heated debates over the decades. Although the topic has accumulated a rather large body of knowledge, experts, theorists, critics and academicians are no closer to reaching an agreement about anything. This ambiguity becomes especially evident when some people praise the same behaviour that others condemn.
Share1 Shares In JanuaryProhibition came into effect, outlawing the manufacture, transportation, and sale of alcohol in the United States.
The US government fully expected that people would carry on as normal and find new ways to spend their time, but many unintended and unexpected consequences unfolded.
Prohibition came to an end in Decemberfollowing increasing criticism from many platforms of US society. Those involved in organized crime were viewed as heroes by many, with some well-known gangsters having an almost celebrity status in their communities. Their frequently bloody crimes were overlooked, as they were providing hardworking people with what they wanted.
Some previously law-abiding citizens even began to turn to crime syndicates for work, particularly those whose jobs in industries tied to alcohol production had become redundant. This trend only increased as the Great Depression took hold in the s.
Many illegal bars and saloons were in the hands of criminal syndicates, and almost all were supplied by them.
The results of these clashes were often bloody and resulted in a dramatic increase gang-related murders. It should be noted that consuming alcohol during prohibition was not illegal, nor was possession of it.
The manufacturing, transportation, and sale of alcohol were. This lack of clarity led to several loopholes and gray areas, and they were exploited, unwittingly or not. The equipment used to do so was widely and openly for sale in stores across the US, and information on how to make homemade wine was available in most public libraries.
Technically, however, making wine in your own home was illegal during prohibition. Pharmacists and religious organizations were also exempt from Prohibition due to alcohol being used as medicine and in ceremonies, respectively.
Many pharmacies suddenly sprung up, often no more than a front for their real intentions, while many churches experienced a surge in membership. However, carrying that alcohol from one place to another was illegal, and should a person not be able to prove the alcohol was purchased prior to prohibition, they were at risk of arrest.
Whether or not this was due to Prohibition or pure coincidence is unclear. The US government was at least aware of the possibility that people who would have previously consumed alcohol would now turn their attention to harder drugs and substances. Much like Prohibition contributed to the rise of organized crime, it also assisted in opening the door to the spread of harder drugs such as cocaine and heroin—epidemics that would sweep the US in the coming decades.
Add to this the need to replace their source of income once prohibition was repealed inand the first steps toward what would become the big business of narcotics trading had been taken.
The main reason for this is that illegal sales of alcohol were not declared to the government, and consequently, no accurate data was kept. Many people were also making their own alcoholic drinks at home, which, again, were not officially declared.
Even the data that is available has to be studied with certain caveats. For example, inarrests for alcohol-related crimes were at an all-time high. While this did indicate that these kinds of crimes were rising since Prohibition first began ina lot of the offenses in question were legal before the change in the law.
Generally speaking, however, it did appear that problems with alcohol were worse by the mid- to late s than they were the previous decade.
Alcoholics were less likely to seek help for their addiction during Prohibition largely due to the sale of alcohol being illegal and instead were more likely to turn to bootleggers in the same way that drug addicts will turn to their dealers.
Whether Prohibition created more alcoholics, however, is very much up for debate. Data from the time does suggest that deaths from alcohol-related illness did rise throughout the s, but overall, there were less than the previous decade. Some of those ties made during the s lasted for years after Prohibition ended.
The manner in which those ties were achieved has been replicated for generations. Criminal organizations could have hundreds, even thousands, of people on their books. Policemen, politicians, judges, and even federal agents all played a part in the alcohol black market. There would be advance warnings of planned raids on saloons, and evidence would simply disappear.
Corrupt officials were well-paid for their services, some of them making six-figure sums in a year.New Religious Movements: Theoretical Perspectives on Religious Deviance The subject of deviance, taken from any context - be it political, religious or cultural In a totally rational world we would expect to find a correlation between the prohibition of conduct and its objective harmfulness.
Tags: Charles Glock, Clinard, deviance, essay. Jul 07, · In January , Prohibition came into effect, outlawing the manufacture, transportation, and sale of alcohol in the United States.
The US government fully expected that people would carry on as normal and find new ways to spend their time, but many .
Prohibition was the result, of the longstanding efforts, by largely Protestant religious groups, who had preached temperance since the early colonial period.
What had been known as the temperance movement came to be a drive for all out prohibition right about the turn of the century.
Prohibition of Religious Ambiguity - William James’s Argument William James argues that agnosticism is not a valid choice to make.
He opens his argument with the conjecture that “voluntarily adopted faith” abides by philosophical lawfulness (74). In another essay titled Prohibition and States rights Hubert D.
Stephens went before congress and explained why he agreed that the prohibition amendment needed to be passed and how it is not a question of temperance but of who had the power to create laws that would directly affect the people.
Alcohol prohibition in India is in force in the states of Bihar, Gujarat, and Nagaland as well as in the Union Territory of Lakshadweep. All other Indian states and union territories permit the sale of alcohol.