For some, power is seen as corrupt.
Sources of Leadership Power and Follower Effectiveness February 27, by Carl Haffer 1 Comment Leadership is described as, a complex multidimensional process in which an individual influences members of a group to achieve a common goal Northouse, In order to exert influence on followers in the obtainment of a goal, a leader must first have the ability to exert influence.
Influence represents the degree to which a leader affects follower attitude, opinion, and behavior Hughes et al. Research has demonstrated that referent power contributes most to follower effectiveness because of the influence tactics typically implemented to influence followers.
Leaders with referent power typically implement influence statistics that build-up followers versus tearing them down Hughes et al. Even though the situation affects the type of power a leader should use, the use of referent power has been shown to contribute to increases in follower motivation, satisfaction, and performance Yukl, In my experience as a follower in various situations, these research findings hold true.
Leaders with referent power increase follower effectiveness through motivation, satisfaction, and performance. The research of French and Raven determined five sources or bases of social power from which an individual could influence others.
The most promising research on influence tactics considers nine behaviors by which an individual can affect follower attitude, opinion, and behavior.
Inspirational appeals are tactics that provoke emotion and enthusiasm Yukl et al. Consultations are tactics that involve followers in planning Yukl et al.
Ingratiation is a tactic that attempts to put followers in a good mood Yukl et al.
Personal appeals are tactics that make appeals based on friendships Yukl et al. Exchanges are tactics that involve the exchange of favors Yukl et al.
Coalition tactics involve using the support of followers to influence a target Yukl et al. Pressure tactics involve the use of threats or reminders to influence Yukl et al.
Legitimizing tactics involves influence based in a position of authority Yukl et al. Six of these nine influence tactics are commonly implemented by individuals with referent power and consider to build-up followers.
Individuals with referent power apply inspirational appeals, consultations, ingratiation, personal appeals, exchanges, and coalition tactics, but typically do not implement legitimizing or pressure tactics Hughes et al.
My first leader in an organizational situation had all five sources of power, yet only used expert, referent, and legitimate power. This leader used rational persuasion, inspirational appeals, and consultation as influence tactics.
My first employer always looked to improve the team dynamic through the development of valued and trusting relationships. He always maintained a friendly working environment, expressed the importance of building homes correctly and safely.
Goal accomplishment always entailed a logical description of why something was built a certain way. Followers with a developed understanding of construction principles and codes were consulted for trouble shooting when proposed plans were not possible.
I was proud to be part of that team and I looked forward to working with this leader.Leadership Sources of Power 1. Holly Justice Leadership Sources of Power An explanation of the theory by John French and Bertram H.
Raven 2. Sources of Power Power refers to the capacity to influence others. however it cannot be relied upon alone to make you an effective leader. Legitimate 5.
Reward 6. Power and Leadership: An Influence Process Fred C. Lunenburg Sam Houston State University One of the most influential theories of power comes from the work of French and Raven, who attempted to determine the sources of power leaders use to influence others.
French and Raven identified five sources of power. Holly, thanks so much for this! I was just settling down to develop a presentation on sources of power for my leadership team, when voila! I found you had already done all the work.
As you can see, you don’t have to be in a leadership or senior level role in an organization to have some form of power. In fact, the most respect is garnered on those who have personal sources of power.
And part of the good news is that, as a legitimate leader, you can officially tap into two other power sources.
2. Reward Power is the ability to give something . Power is a force of influence and authority. Most leaders wield power, but how power is manifested and used often differs between leaders.